Area: 26,338 sq km
Climate: temperate; two rainy seasons (February to April, November to January); mild in mountains with frost and snow possible
Languages: Kinyarwanda (official and national, universal Bantu vernacular), English and French (official), Kisw
Government type: republic; presidential, multiparty system
Independence Day: 1 July 1962 (from Belgium-administered UN trusteeship)
Currency: Rwandan francs (RWF)
GDP: $11.84 billion (2010 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): $1,100 (2010 est.)
Information for Foreign Students in Rwanda
Obtaining a Visa
Canadians, US and UK nationals, Australians, and South Africans do not need a visa, except if their stays exceed three months. Irish nationals and New Zealanders need a visa.
Since visa requirements are different according to the departure country, we highly advise travelers to contact the embassy or to go on its website.
Link for hotels: http://www.kariburwanda.com/
Medical insurance, including cover for emergency repatriation, is essential. Visitors are advised to bring their own personal medication. Medical facilities are severely limited and extremely overburdened. In you need a treatment, you will have to pay in full after your treatment and file a claim with your insurance company for reimbursement. Therefore you should have access to cash, either from a credit card or by wire transfer. If you need assistance contact the country's local embassy or representative. To be compensated you must be treated by licensed medical personnel and provide your insurance company with proper documentation and receipts. Almost all medical facilities in Kigali were destroyed during the civil war, but the situation is now improving and most hospitals function to an acceptable level.
Cash machines: International Visa cards are accepted at Ecobank head office in Kigali and at Kigali airport. They can also be used at Access Bank head office in Kigali. However, these ATMs are affected by power cuts. It is best to travel with US dollars, some banks won't accept sterling.
Minibuses serve most of the main towns but road conditions are poor, and very pot-holed. Travellers can rent a car: driving is on the right hand side and an International Driving Licence is required. There are no international car hire firms in Rwanda but local establishments can be found in Kigali.